This has caused quite an uproar, in both genetic genealogy and Native American research communities, and has been resoundingly discredited by geneticists.
Jason Colavito essentially tracks down all possible sources of the claim and takes them apart, piece by piece. No primary sources are cited. So, I tracked down the offending passage by searching sources systematically. The direct source appears to be the late Native American scholar-activist Jack D.
Metellus Celer, the colleague of L. Afranius in the consulship, but then a proconsul in Gaul, had a present made to him by the king of the Suevi, of certain Indians, who sailing from India for the purpose of commerce, had been driven by tempests into Germany.
The area now Holland was, though, always part of Germania. These, Forbes said, must have been either the Olmec c. And he leaves it at that, with nary another thought.
We are asked to assume that Cornelius Nepos was wrong about the sailors being Indos from India while also apparently accepting that they had no difficulty communicating with the Suevi of the Rhineland.
Did German tribes speak Mexican languages? This communication is made plain by the parallel passage recorded by Pomponius Mela in De Situ Orbis 3. Clearly, whoever they were, they spoke a language known to Europeans.
The difference in accounts between the Boti and the Suevi is due to Mela using the specific name of an otherwise unattested tribe and Pliny using the generic term for central Germans. The first obvious hint for Loewen should have been that apparently it was not the Indians' first trip to the region, since they were able to communicate with those in the region assuming, of course, that Nepos didn't just make the whole thing up.
Even if they were not Indians, the Europeans did not find their language particularly incomprehensible or if they did, they did not mention it. He did not write from evidence, merely speculation, in order to provide Classical antecedents to justify the Spanish conquest of the Americas.
He was criticized even in his own lifetime for the inaccuracy of his work. Furthermore, even Pliny's original quote was merely a repetition of an earlier claim which may itself have contained a number of errors: In fact, the Journal of the American Geographical Society of New York noted in that Pliny, writing in CE, merely repeated the statement of Mela from 43 CE, and Mela in turn has a notoriously error-ridden manuscript tradition.
Rabelais differed, suggesting that the Indians had circumnavigated Africa, while Vivien de St.
The oldest daughter of the head of a clan sometimes succeeded her mother at her death upon the judgement of the clan. All authority sprang from the people of the various clans that made up a nation. the Onondagas have a power similar to judicial review: they can raise objections to the proposed measure if it is believed inconsistent with. Activity 2: Students will read the online articles Scientists Study Old Bones and Learn New Things about Native Americans and Neanderthals Made Tools from Bone, Not Just Stone, and Study Says. These articles can be found on the free monstermanfilm.com website, which is a non-fiction database website. This new book, Weeki Wachee, City of Mermaids: A History of One of Florida's Oldest Roadside Attractions, is a serious examination of what many might term a kitschy attraction that developed in the late s. The authors use varied sources, including oral histories, to look at how such an unusual entertainment form emerged and evolved.
Martin argued that they were Wends, a Slavonian people from the Baltic who could have been mistaken for Indians because the Romans believed in a nonexistent water route between the Baltic and India. In summary, there is no actual evidence to support Loewen's claim - only repetitions of speculation and guesswork.
Regardless of whether or not the shipwrecked individuals were, in fact, Indian, no historical fact supports the idea that they were Native American. If you are interested in reading the original sources Colavito references, he links to them in his post where available.This new book, Weeki Wachee, City of Mermaids: A History of One of Florida's Oldest Roadside Attractions, is a serious examination of what many might term a kitschy attraction that developed in the late s.
The authors use varied sources, including oral histories, to look at how such an unusual entertainment form emerged and evolved. This is the “first national museum dedicated to the preservation, study, and exhibition of the life, languages, literature, history, and arts of Native Americans.
NATIVE MEDIA - FILM AND VIDEO ORGANIZATIONS, JOURNALS,NEWSPAPERS, AND INTERNET NEWS SOURCES, RADIO AND dedicated to presenting and disseminating information about the work of Native Americans in media.
Added 10/17/01 the second oldest Indian owned and operated public radio station in the nation." From the Turtle Mountain Band of. It is worth noting that the main expansion signal for B2a occurs at approximately 9 ka, predating both the farming diffusion linked to maize domestication and the Uto-Aztecan culture (54, 55) and, according to Brown, even the formation of the oldest Native American language families.
For more than a century, innumerable studies have confirmed two simple yet powerful truths about the relationship between immigration and crime: immigrants are less likely to commit serious crimes or be behind bars than the native-born, and high rates of immigration are associated with lower rates of violent crime and property crime.
The population of Arizona is concentrated around Phoenix, the state capital, and Tucson, the second largest city in the state. The largest county in Arizona by population count is Maricopa County, which is home to million of the state's million people.
Containing over 60% of the state's population, Maricopa encompasses nine of the state's ten largest cities.