African-born slavesgo to the forest to worship through music and dance. Fellow countrymen wanted an opportunity to meet one another, they sought some way of celebrating their customary feast days together and of keeping up - under a top dressing of Catholicism - their own religious traditions. There were Catholic religious fraternities. In Bahia for instance that of Our Lady of the Rosary had only Angolan members while the Yorubas met in a down town church.
Bible Christianity uses the Bible, a collection of many canonical books in two parts, the Old Testament and the New Testament. It is believed by Christians that they were written by people who were inspired by the Holy Spirit, and therefore it is most often believed to be the word of God.
The translators are able to verify accuracy by using thousands of handwritten copies of the scriptures which are in the original languages of Hebrew Aramaic, and Greek. They started as formulas used when someone was baptised. During the Christological controversies of the 4th and 5th centuries they became statements of faith.
Some main Christian creeds are: The Nicene Creed Many Christians accept the use of creeds, and often use at least one of the creeds given above. Trinity and Trinitarianism Christians needed to come up with an explanation why the Bible mentions God the Father, God the Son, and the Holy Spirit, and yet there should only be one god.
This idea, called Trinitywas started at the First Council of Nicaeainand developed during several church meetings or councils. Today, many Christian groups agree with it.
Oriental Orthodox Churches did not agree with the idea, and split after the council. The Oriental Orthodox Churches agree with the ideas in the First Council of Nicaea, but they disagree with other councils.
Trinitarianism is the teaching that God is three different persons, or has three different relations, within One God; the Fatherthe Son Jesus Christand the Holy Spirit. Today, most Christian denominations and Churches believe this.
Churches have different teachings about the Trinity. Some say the Spirit comes only from the Father. Others say the Spirit comes both from the Father and the Son. This is known as filioque. Nontrinitarianism also called Oneness is the beliefs systems that do not believe in the Trinity.
Many different nontrinitarian views, such as adoptionism or modalismexisted in early Christianity, leading to the disputes about Christology. There are also smaller groups who do not believe in the Trinity at all.
The afterlife and end times[ change change source ] Christians believe that human beings will receive judgement from God and are given either eternal life or eternal damnation. This includes the " Last Judgment " as well as the belief of a judgement particular to the soul after death.
There are also some differences among Christians in this belief. For example, in Roman Catholicism, those who die in a state of grace, go into purgatorywhere they are cleansed before they can go into heaven. That is the belief that all people will someday be saved, and that hell is not forever.
Christian worship Worship is thought by most Christians to be a very important part of Christianity all through its history. Many Christian theologians have called humanity homo adorans, which means "worshipping ," and so the worship of God is at the very center of what it means to be human.
This would mean that because God created all humanity, Christians should worship and give praise to God. Monument honoring the right to worship, Washington, D. Most Christian worship has Scripture reading, talk about Scripture from a leader, singing, prayer together, and a small time for Church work.
Christians may meet in special buildings, also called Churches, or outdoors, or at schools, or anywhere Christians feel they are needed.
The main worship service in Catholic Churches is the Mass and the main worship service in many Orthodox Churches is called the Divine Liturgy. In both of these Churches, along with the other parts of worship, the Eucharist or Communion is central. Here a priest by prayer asks God to change a small amount of bread and wine into what Catholics and Orthodox believe is Jesus's real body and blood, but without changing the accidents appearance, taste, colour, etc.
Then the people each may receive a portion. Many Protestant churches have worship services similar to the Mass, some every week, others a few times a year. Some Protestants believe Jesus is really present at the Communion service, and some believe the bread and wine are symbols to help them remember what Jesus did The Catholic Church has developed a short ceremony, Eucharistic Benedictionworshipping Jesus present in the Eucharist.
They also may visit a Church building to pray in the presence of the Eucharist, Eucharistic Adoration. The Orthodox and Catholic Churches spirituality place importance on the use of human senses such as sight and on the use of beautiful things.
Catholic spirituality often involves the use of statues and other artistic representations, candles, incense, and other physical items as reminders or aids to prayer. The Orthodox Churches also use candles, incense, bells, and icons, but not statues. Orthodox and Catholic worship also makes use of movements, such as the Sign of the Cross, made by each person touching first the forehead, then chest, one shoulder, then the other shoulder.IMHO this all bears much further psychological study.
Further attention needs to be paid to the rest of the topics in the essay on Christotherapy including existential loving, existential diagnosis, existential appreciation, existential clarification, mind-fasting and spirit-feasting. The “do you sacrifice.
My aim in this essay is to raise some critical questions of the emerging field of “world Christianity” by describing it against key debates in the study of world religions during the past half century.
The preceding analysis represents only brief and introductory examina tion of the hundreds if not thousands of published ritual formulas of Um banda and Quimbanda magic This essay sketches out the skeleton of system but it leaves out many groups of rituals among them household healing and love rites each of which would have to be examined first.
A study of Galileo's Dialogue in which he asserted that the Earth was not the center of the universe. Galileo was jailed for heresy for contradicting the traditional teachings of the medieval Church.
The video traces the background of the Dialogue, from the Copernican view that the sun is the center of the universe, to the trial of Galileo.
Sep 01, · This article reports on a study that examined how religious discourses of inclusion and exclusion—in Roman Catholic, evangelical Protestant, and Afro-Brazilian religious traditions—affected people’s rights to express same-sex sexual desires, behaviors, and identities in the socioeconomically marginalized urban periphery of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Roberto Nodal and Miguel “Willie” Ramos (–) employ phenomenological approaches to the study of sacrifice (ebó) in Lukumí Orisha worship (a.k.a. Santería). They explain the concept of ritual sacrifice and ashé (energy or power) insofar as both are integral to achieving healing.