Writing a biography essay.
Julius Caesar is perhaps the most well known in the history of Roman Emperors, yet there is no denying that his reign was filled with controversy, no reason more so than his devious rise to power and his mischievous ways of suppressing the senate.
There is no doubt that in ruling as a Dictator; Caesar lost the support of the Roman people, who had fought for freedom against an Etruscan King, a role in which Caesar was playing. Augustus himself believed he was owed a lot by Rome for his achievements while the city was under his unofficial command.
In section 34, he focuses specifically on 27BC, he states how he gave control of Rome back to its people and, in essence, restoring the republic to the way they wanted it. To add to this, under the name Octavian, he had already extinguished Civil Wars, and defeated Marc Anthony and Cleopatra in battle.
Yet, as stated above, to recognize the true extent to which he restores the republic in 27BC, the causes of its decline and a conclusion of the state of Rome in that time must be distinguished.
The fall of the Republic can be summed up in four main steps gathered between the years BC to 44Bc. First and foremost, the rise of popular tribunes caused a problem. The Gracchus brothers exploited the powers of the Plebeian tribuneship to seize power in Rome.
This was the beginning of the Republics decline as though they had the most power in Rome, their political followings were not very popular, and consequently, it resulted in them both being killed through urban mob violence fomented by the aristocracy.
Following this, the rise of private armies contributed to the Republics decline. Roman generals where now trying to recruit private armies who were more loyal to themselves than they were to that of the state.
As a result of the increase of private armies was the first Civil War. Yet contrary to his initial belief the title of Dictator went against what the Romans were looking for in their Republic.
Though it was perceived at first that all were willing to share power, individually they each wanted to rule as a sole dictator.
All were in powerful positions, yet no one had gained full popularity. Pompey had his own loyal private army but was incapable of delivering on his promises of land, among other things. Even though he was extremely unpopular, being in possession of the wealth he was, he was able to buy his way through the senate to the height of power.
Caesar had majestically rose to power, partaking in every major position there was, using his political ingenious in his attempt to gain full control of Rome.
After defeating all of his enemies, Julius Caesar was granted a year dictatorship for purposes of restoring the republic, similar to the title that Sulla had granted himself many years previous.
Eventually killed in plot involving over 60 senators, the death of Caesar concluded the decline of the Republic. Looking at the state of the Republic when Octavian took over, too when he died as Augustus in 14AD is how we will know whether or not if he restored it or not. While Octavian he was, military wise, very successful, so successful in fact that people where scarred to oppose him in almost every situation, his victory over Marc Anthony and Cleopatra being highlighted as his greatest.
After he had defeated Marc Anthony and Cleopatra, Octavian was in a position to rule the entire republic under an unofficial principate, yet it is more than likely that he would have suffered the same fate as that of his predecessor, Julius Caesar, especially if he had of appeared to be a new REX.
But by not doing so he gained not only support from the public but from the senate also. The argument that he served the republic well is better summed up with evidence from 20BC.
In his failure to encourage the senate to finance the building of new roads, he decided the need to build them was so great that he financed them himself. The senate offered him a 10 year period of control over the provinces, which while faking reluctance, he accepted.
The command of these provinces basically gave him control over all of the Roman legions. Many believe that Augustus did generally want to restore Rome to its proper Republic form and perhaps the best example and reason for those who argue he was responsible for restoring the republic, is the contents of his first settlement.
In this, one of the first things he did was to renounce all of the powers he had accumulated as Octavian, and he gave to the Senate full power of the provinces such as Gaul and Spain.Augustus always attempted to ensure the ultimate succession of someone with Julian blood, but was eventually forced to rely on Tiberius -a Claudian- as the only one with sufficient experience, since other members of the family were still too young.
Mar 31, · The history of Ancient Rome is usually divided into three phases: the monarchy, from the (mythical) foundation of the city in BC to the expulsion of the Etruscan dynasty in BC, followed by the Republic until 27BC, at which point the Principate or Empire begins with monstermanfilm.com: Resolved.
Augustus clearly made an impression in European history achieving much, conquering many and controlling the majority, he did not restore the republic. Adopting a piecemeal strategy, Augustus gradually silenced potential threats to his ambitions to control the Roman Empire under the semblance of restoring the Republic.
The history of the Roman Empire covers the history of ancient Rome from the fall of the Roman Republic in 27 BC until the abdication of the last Western emperor in AD. Rome had begun expanding shortly after the founding of the Republic in the 6th century BC, though it did not expand outside of the Italian Peninsula until the 3rd century BC.
. Did Augustus Restore the Roman Republic Essay. Did Augustus restore the Roman Republic in 27BC? - Did Augustus Restore the Roman Republic Essay introduction??
Julius Caesar is perhaps the most well known in the history of Roman Emperors, yet there is no denying that his reign was filled with controversy, no reason more so than his devious rise to power and his mischievous ways of .
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