Ethical dilemma Impact on the greater society People are generally fearful and distrustful of change. Change that involve new and complex technologies are especially stressful, particularly to older and less educated workers. They are fearful of losing their jobs, of losing control to machines, and of becoming useless. Systems analysts, software engineers, and system designers need to be aware of these fears and need to directly address these fears in an honest and forthright manner, both to enhance the probability that the new system will contain the accumulated knowledge of these workers and will be used and to acknowledge their individual worth.
Thinking back as recently as the s, the same decade in which computer use in the U. Computers impact employment by both creating and destroying jobs, but, more than anything, by changing the nature of the jobs available. Creating Jobs Generally associated with increases in workplace productivity, computers allow each employee, using quick technologies such as email and Internet fact-checking, to accomplish more with every hour of work.
While increases in productivity allow some employers to scale back on hiring, the reality is that more productive workers are a better labor investment, and employers interested in growing their businesses are actually more likely to hire new people and expand.
As an industry in itself, computer technology also creates jobs in new fields like programming, computer-aided design and animation, Internet marketing and online publishing.
Destroying Jobs While computers have spawned entire new career fields, their introduction has also displaced many workers, especially in low-skill jobs such as warehouse clerks and basic data processing that were among the first to be replaced by automated computer technology.
In sectors like manufacturing that grow more slowly and require large capital investments to do so, improvements in productivity brought about by computers can justify layoffs long before enough capital is available to invest in job-creating improvements like new factories.
Stratifying the Workforce Looking at the workforce as a whole, one of the more contentious issues surrounding the effects of computers on employment is that is creates and destroys jobs at different ends of the economy.
Computers tend to create high-paying, high-skill technical jobs and destroy low-paying, low-skill jobs.
Additional Considerations Beyond the impacts of computers on the jobs we hold, the devices also change the way we do our jobs. Combined with information technology tools such as Internet messaging and file transferring, computers allow for greater flexibility in working arrangements.
This flexibility can improve quality-of-life factors for workers with systems like Internet freelancing, telecommuting and the ability to work internationally, but it also introduces risks such as a lack of job security, fewer opportunities for interactions with peers and co-workers and reduced possibilities of having basic benefits such as health insurance.IMPACT OF NEW COMPUTER SYSTEMS ON EMPLOYMENT.
Subissues Dealing with users Ethical dilemma Impact on the greater society. People are generally fearful and distrustful of change.
Change that involve new and complex technologies are especially stressful, particularly to older and less educated workers. Most associate Jobs’ success with Apple; however, in the early days, Jobs' relationship with Apple proved to be a rocky one.
After resigning from the company in , Jobs founded NeXT, a firm that created computers for business and educational needs. Also, computer use often means that an employee can do most of his work without ever leaving his desk.
This decreases the amount of movement he does during the day, which can cause him to feel. With this much workplace use and demand, it is important to understand the way a computer can affect your job. Many Americans rely on their computer skills to find meaningful employment and to work effectively once employed.
Likewise, “the personal computer existed in the ’80s,” says Henry Siu, an economist at the University of British Columbia, “but you don’t see any effect on office and administrative.
In many areas, computers have taken on small, repetitive tasks, freeing people's time for more important endeavors. Before computers became fixtures .