Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work. The Dangers of Totalitarianism is a political novel written with the purpose of warning readers in the West of the dangers of totalitarian government.
Orwell's Political Messages from Rhodri Williams rhodri ferncliffe. What are the political messages he expresses in his books 'Nineteen Eighty-four', 'Animal Farm' and 'Homage to Catalonia'? Orwell's ambition as a political author was to "make political writing into an art" 'Why I Write'.
He saw his duty as being to "attack the Right, but not to flatter the Left". His political views were shaped by his experiences of Socialism, Totalitarianism and Imperialism all over the world. In his essay 'Why I Write' he admitted that "Every line of serious work that I have written since has been written, directly or indirectly against Totalitarianism and for Democratic Socialism, as I understand it".
During the war Orwell began to realise the true nature of Stalin's rule in Russia. The actions of the Communists in Spain exposed to him how false the idea was that Russia was a Socialist State. He then went on to write Animal Farm as a way to remind people about the true facts of the Russian Revolution and the nature of Stalin's rise to power, becoming a totalitarian dictator.
Essentially Orwell wanted to save Socialism from Communism. It was the realisation of Orwell's fears about Stalinist Russia and the rise of Totalitarianism that inspired him to write his final novel 'Nineteen Eighty-four' - an Anti-Utopian novel depicting a world where Totalitarianism had taken over.
Orwell wrote 'Animal Farm' primarily as an allegory of the Russian Revolution thinly disguised as an animal fable. Orwell specifically had Russia in mind but also draws from his experiences in Spain to show that all well-meant societies are at risk.
The major theme of 'Animal Farm' is the betrayal of the Russian Revolution and the way that good will can fall prey to ambition, selfishness and hypocrisy. Gradually as the pigs gain more and more power they find it harder to resist temptation. Soon their "resolution falters" Ch.
I and they "adopt his vices" Ch. I - they move into Jones' house, drink alcohol and engage in trade with the other farms all things which Old Major had specifically urged them not to do. Orwell's message is that any society which has leaders with absolute power is ultimately doomed to failure due to the inevitability of leaders manipulating power for their own personal benefit.
Orwell mocks the pretence that any such society could be regarded as being fair or equal - hence addition of the suffix "but some animals are more equal than others" to the original commandment "All animals are equal". The philosophy of 'Animalism' in 'Animal Farm' quite clearly is designed to represent Marxist-Communism.
The parallels between the commandment "Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy" and Marxism's hatred of Capitalism is obvious.
What started off as a philosophical set of ideas by Karl Marx was transformed into a means of propaganda by Stalin. In 'Animal Farm' the theory of Animalism is drawn up into seven commandments exclusively by Snowball, Squealer and Napoleon.
Animalism quickly becomes a means of breeding such a great fear of man into the animals so that they would become even more determined to work hard. Orwell is attacking Stalin for betraying the revolution to suit his own ends.
Orwell hints at the shortcomings of Old Major's Marxist teachings in a number of subtle ways. The supposition that all animals are "comrades" is undermined straight away by the fact that the dogs and cats openly show hostility to the rats, who "only by a swift dash for their holes" escape from the dogs with their lives.
A second thing which undermines the Animalist maxim that "All animals are equal" is the fact that even before the revolution there is evidence of a basic hierarchical society. The pigs straight away take their places "immediately in front of the platform" Ch.
I when the animals meet to hear Old Major's speech, thus signalling the fact that they are seen as more important than other animals. It is the pigs who take it upon themselves to direct the revolution, and it is they who assume leadership after Jones had been driven out.
Animal Farm follows the events of the Russian Revolution quite closely with characters from the book representing real life people or groups. The way that Orwell presents these real-life people in the book gives an insight into his political feelings. Old Major represents a mixture of Marx and Lenin.
He preaches the Marxist Doctrine of Revolutionary Socialism and provides the basic beliefs which later become the Seven Commandments.The critical essay “George Orwell and the Mad World: The Anti-Universe of ” by Ralph A.
Ranald discusses the theme of controlled madness and of a reverse society in George Orwell’s Nineteen Eighty-Four. Ranald argues that Nineteen Eighty-Four is about “ religion reversed, law and government reversed, and above all, language. The novel Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell is an American classic which explores the human mind when it comes to power, corruption, control, and the ultimate utopian society.
His unique political allegory, Animal Farm, was published in , and it was this novel, together with Nineteen Eighty-Four (), which brought him world-wide fame.
George Orwell died in /5(15). Nineteen Eighty-Four, often published as , is a dystopian novel by English author George Orwell published in June   The novel is set in the year when most of the world population have become victims of perpetual war, omnipresent government surveillance and monstermanfilm.comher: Secker & Warburg.
In the American press, the Soviet Union was often portrayed as a great moral experiment. Orwell, however, was deeply disturbed by the widespread cruelties and oppressions he observed in communist countries, and seems to have been particularly concerned by the role of technology in enabling oppressive governments to monitor and control their.
the effects that Communism has on a society, this book is Nineteen Eighty-Four. In this famous political satire Orwell presents to the reader a character named Winston Smith.