How could such an incomplete, disjointed, inaccurate, mangled manuscript be so perennially popular? Translated into dozens of languages and reprinted in hundreds of editions, it continues to be one of the most successful books of all time, even though Franklin himself is sometimes viewed with suspicion by the haters of industry and frugality. An answer to the riddle of the Autobiography is partially hinted at by the ways in which it has been described, for if it has not been all things to all men, it has at least been remarkable to most men who have read it.
While in England at the estate of the Bishop of St Asaph in TwyfordFranklin, now 65 years old, begins by saying that it may be agreeable to his son to know some of the incidents of his father's life; so with a week's uninterrupted leisure, he is beginning to write them down for William.
He starts with some anecdotes of his grandfather, uncles, father and mother. He deals with his childhood, his fondness for reading, and his service as an apprentice to his brother James Franklina Boston printer and the publisher of the New England Courant.
After improving his writing skills through study of the Spectator by Joseph Addison and Sir Richard Steelehe writes an anonymous paper and slips it under the door of the printing house by night. Not knowing its author, James and his friends praise the paper and it is published in the Courant, which encourages Ben to produce more essays the " Silence Dogood " essays which are also published.
When Ben reveals his authorship, James is angered, thinking the recognition of his papers will make Ben too vain.
James and Ben have frequent disputes and Ben seeks for a way to escape from working under James. Eventually James gets in trouble with the colonial assembly, which jails him for a short time and then forbids him to continue publishing his paper.
James and his friends come up with the stratagem that the Courant should hereafter be published under the name of Benjamin Franklin, although James will still actually be in control.
James signs a discharge of Ben's apprenticeship papers but writes up new private indenture papers for Ben to sign which will secure Ben's service for the remainder of the agreed time.
But when a fresh disagreement arises between the brothers, Ben chooses to leave James, correctly judging that James will not dare to produce the secret indenture papers. Sneaking onto a ship without his father's or brother's knowledge, Ben heads for New York Citybut the printer William Bradford is unable to employ him; however, he tells Ben that his son Andrewa Philadelphia printer, may be able to use him since one of his son's principal employees had just died.
By the time Ben reaches Philadelphia, Andrew Bradford has already replaced his employee, but refers Ben to Samuel Keimer, another printer in the city, who is able to give him work. The Governor, Sir William Keithtakes notice of Franklin and offers to set him up in business for himself. On Keith's recommendation, Franklin goes to London for printing supplies, but when he arrives, he finds that Keith has not written the promised letter of recommendation for him, and that "no one who knew him had the smallest Dependence on him.
Keimer soon comes to feel that Franklin's wages are too high and provokes a quarrel which causes the latter to quit. At this point a fellow employee, Hugh Meredith, suggests that Franklin and he set up a partnership to start a printing shop of their own; this is subsidized by funds from Meredith's father, though most of the work is done by Franklin as Meredith is not much of a press worker and is given to drinking.
They establish their business, and plan to start a newspaper, but when Keimer hears of this plan, he rushes out a paper of his own, the Pennsylvania Gazette. This publication limps along for three quarters of a year before Franklin buys the paper from Keimer and makes it "extremely profitable.
The partnership also receives an appointment as printer for the Pennsylvania assembly. When Hugh Meredith's father experiences financial setbacks and cannot continue backing the partnership, two friends separately offer to lend Franklin the money he needs to stay in business; the partnership amicably dissolves as Meredith goes to North Carolinaand Franklin takes from each friend half the needed sum, continuing his business in his own name.
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|Biography of Benjamin Franklin (excerpt)||Contents[ edit ] The Almanack contained the calendarweatherpoemssayings and astronomical and astrological information that a typical almanac of the period would contain. Franklin also included the occasional mathematical exerciseand the Almanack from features an early example of demographics.|
In he marries Deborah Read, and after this, with the help of the Juntohe draws up proposals for Library Company of Philadelphia.
At this point Part One breaks off, with a memo in Franklin's writing noting that "The Affairs of the Revolution occasion'd the Interruption". Part Two[ edit ] The second part begins with two letters Franklin received in the early s while in Parisencouraging him to continue the Autobiography, of which both correspondents have read Part One.
Although Franklin does not say so, there had been a breach with his son William after the writing of Part One, since the father had sided with the Revolutionaries and the son had remained loyal to the British Crown.
At Passy, a suburb of Paris, Franklin begins Part Two ingiving a more detailed account of his public library plan. He then discusses his "bold and arduous Project of arriving at moral Perfection", listing thirteen virtues he wishes to perfect in himself.
He creates a book with columns for each day of the week, in which he marks with black spots his offenses against each virtue. He eventually realizes that perfection is not to be attained, but feels himself better and happier because of his attempt. Part Three[ edit ] Beginning in August when Franklin had returned to Philadelphia, the author says he will not be able to utilize his papers as much as he had expected, since many were lost in the recent Revolutionary War.
He has, however, found and quotes a couple of his writings from the s that survived. One is the "Substance of an intended Creed" consisting of what he then considered to be the "Essentials" of all religions. He had intended this as a basis for a projected sect but, Franklin says, did not pursue the project.
InFranklin first publishes his Poor Richard's Almanacwhich becomes very successful. He also continues his profitable newspaper. Ina preacher named Rev.The English Origins of American Upward Mobility; or, the Invention of Benjamin Franklin.
Franklin’s The Way to Wealth likewise emphasizes the virtue of [End Page ] saving over the vice of luxurious indulgence, and its prudential advice champions industry, diligence, and the instrumental use of money, time, and knowledge. Because it. Horoscope and natal chart of Benjamin Franklin, born on /01/ you will find in this page an excerpt of the astrological portrait and the interpration of the planetary dominants.
especially given the fact that different authors give different meanings to symbolic degrees. This is the reason why they are not included in our Astrotheme. Hunt resented Benjamin Franklin’s humble origins and disliked the idea that Franklin represented. does not mention The Way to Wealth in his autobiography.
Hunt also critiques Franklin for virtually disowning his son William. to accomplish a specific purpose.5/5(1). The pamphlet was written by Thomas Paine because he wanted to find a way for the American people to understand Common Sense by Thomas Paine Thomas Paine created some of the most significant pamphlets about the Sydney Walker Thomas Jefferson and the Meanings of Liberty 1.
a.) Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson were both. Benjamin Franklin: Benjamin Franklin, American printer and publisher, author, inventor and scientist, and diplomat.
One of the foremost of the American Founding Fathers, he helped draft the Declaration of Independence. The Way to Wealth eventually became the most widely reprinted of all Franklin’s works, Benjamin Benjamin Franklin.
Poor Richard's Almanack was also popular for its extensive use of wordplay, This was later published as The Way to Wealth, and was popular in both America and England.
Napoleon Bonaparte considered the Almanack significant enough to translate it into Italian.